Medical Journal of Indonesia <p><a href="">ABOUT JOURNAL</a> | <a href=";hl=en" target="_blank&quot;">CITATIONS</a> | <a href="">STATISTIC</a> | <a href="/journal/index.php/mji/submit">SUBMISSIONS</a> | <a href="/journal/index.php/mji/indexing">ABSTRACTING &amp; INDEXING</a></p> <hr> <p>This quarterly medical journal is an official scientific journal of the Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia in collaboration with German-Indonesian Medical Association (DIGM).</p> <p>Abstracted and indexed in: <a title="EBSCO host" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">EBSCO host</a>, <a title="ACI" href=";id=9" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ASEAN Citation Index</a>, <a title="BASE" href="*;refid=dclink" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BASE</a>, <a title="CABI" href=";letter=M#SerialsCited" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CABI</a>, <a title="CiteFactor" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CiteFactor</a>, <a title="CNKI" href=";rt=Journal" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CNKI</a>, <a 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first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a title="CC BY NC" href="" target="_self">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License</a> that allows others to remix, adapt, build upon the work non-commercially with an acknowledgment of the work’s authorship and initial publication in Medical Journal of Indonesia.</span></li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted to copy and redistribute the journal's published version of the work non-commercially (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in Medical Journal of Indonesia.</li> </ol> The importance of identification for a stress urinary incontinence after pelvic organ prolapse vaginal repair <p>[No abstract available]</p> Hariyono Winarto Copyright (c) 2021 Hariyono Winarto 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 30 4 237 8 10.13181/mji.ed.215971 <em>In vivo</em> model of Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis using benzalkonium chloride <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong> Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is a life-threatening complication of Hirschsprung’s disease. Studies using animal models on the pathogenesis of HAEC are limited. Thus, this study aimed to establish a rat model of HAEC using topical application of 0.1% benzalkonium chloride (BAC) in the sigmoid colon.</p> <p><strong>METHODS</strong> 55 male Sprague Dawley rats aged 10−12 weeks old were separated into 11 groups. The control group (n = 5) was euthanized on day-7, and the other 10 groups (n = 5 in each group) treated with 0.1% BAC in the sigmoid colon for 15 min to induce Hirschsprung’s disease were euthanized on day-7, -10, -12, -14, -17, -19, -21, -23, -25, and -28. The sigmoid colon was excised, fixed in formalin, and sectioned for histological examinations with hematoxylin and eosin staining. The degree of HAEC was compared within all groups.</p> <p><strong>RESULTS</strong> Rats that were sacrificed on day-7 to -12 showed the 1<sup>st</sup> degree or early HAEC, which was most likely caused by BAC application. The 2<sup>nd</sup> degree of HAEC occurred in rats that were sacrificed on day-14 that showed a macrophage infiltration in the sigmoid colon, thus fulfilled the initial criteria for HAEC (<em>p</em> = 0.0025 <em>versus</em> control). The degree of enterocolitis increased with time, and the highest degree was found in rats that were sacrificed on day-28 (<em>p</em>&lt;0.001 <em>versus</em> control).</p> <p><strong>CONCLUSIONS </strong>Topical application of 0.1% BAC for 15 min was successfully produced HAEC model in rats, which was occurred on day-14 after the application. This model provides a useful resource for further research on the pathogenesis of HAEC.</p> Iskandar Rahardjo Budianto Agus Firmansyah Yefta Moenadjat Ahmad Aulia Jusuf Vivian Soetikno Copyright (c) 2021 Iskandar Rahardjo Budianto, Agus Firmansyah, Yefta Moenadjat, Ahmad Aulia Jusuf, Vivian Soetikno 2021-08-27 2021-08-27 30 4 239 44 10.13181/mji.oa.215339 Incidence and characteristics of <em>de novo</em> stress urinary incontinence after pelvic organ prolapse vaginal repair <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong> Some patients who undergo pelvic floor reconstruction for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) may experience a <em>de novo</em> stress urinary incontinence (SUI) postoperatively. We aimed to investigate the incidence and characteristics of <em>de novo</em> SUI in patients who underwent pelvic floor reconstruction at the national referral hospital in Indonesia.</p> <p><strong>METHODS</strong> This cross-sectional study evaluated 108 patients who underwent pelvic floor reconstruction due to POP between January 2016 and December 2017. Per the inclusion criteria, 75 women were enrolled using a consecutive sampling. The incidence of <em>de novo</em> SUI was determined 6–12 months postoperatively using the Indonesian version of the questionnaire for urinary incontinence diagnosis and objectively using the cough stress test during gynecologic examination after a negative preoperative prolapse reduction stress test.</p> <p><strong>RESULTS</strong> The average age, parity, body mass index, and years since menopause onset were 56.17 (4.67) years, 3.17 (1.07), 28.58 (5.18) kg/m<sup>2</sup>, and 12.8 (7.0) years, respectively. <em>De novo</em> SUI was seen in 8.0% (6 of 75) patients at 6–7 months postoperatively, with 3 (50.0%) had severe POP and 3 (50.0%) had a mild POP. Most of these patients (4 of 6, 66.7%) had undergone procedures other than colpocleisis for POP reconstruction.</p> <p><strong>CONCLUSIONS</strong> The incidence of <em>de novo</em> SUI after gynecologic surgery for POP at a national referral hospital in Indonesia is 8%. Most patients were aged &lt;60 years, had a parity of &lt;4, were nonobese, were menopausal, and had diabetes.</p> Suskhan Djusad Ihya Ridlo Nizomy Surahman Hakim Tyas Priyatini Fernandi Moegni Alfa Putri Meutia Budi Iman Santoso Copyright (c) 2021 Suskhan Djusad, Ihya Ridlo Nizomy, Surahman Hakim, Tyas Priyatini, Fernandi Moegni, Alfa Putri Meutia, Budi Iman Santoso 2021-11-23 2021-11-23 30 4 245 9 10.13181/mji.oa.204163 Efficacy of video-based psychotherapy in reducing psychological distress of COVID-19 patients treated in isolation ward <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong> Hospitalized patients with COVID-19 experience isolation during treatment, which may cause psychological distress. Thus, alternative ways to deliver psychological support are needed when face-to-face therapy is not possible. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of video-based psychotherapy in reducing distress in COVID-19 patients treated in an isolation ward.</p> <p><strong>METHODS</strong> This quasi-experimental trial without a control group included 42 COVID-19 patients aged 20–59 years. Participants were recruited conveniently in the COVID-19 isolation ward in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia. They watched three brief psychotherapy videos including relaxation, managing thoughts and emotions, and mindfulness for approximately 30 min. The videos were created by the Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia. Subjective units of distress scale (SUDS) was measured before and after watching all videos. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon-signed rank test.</p> <p><strong>RESULTS</strong> All 42 subjects finished watching the videos. 31 subjects experienced a significant median decrease in SUDS score after the intervention. The effect size of the psychotherapy videos for the SUDS score was 0.485 (95% CI 0.302 to 0.634).</p> <p><strong>CONCLUSIONS</strong> Watching psychotherapy videos is effective in reducing the SUDS score for COVID-19 patients in an isolation ward. Our brief video-based psychotherapy intervention has reduced psychological distress in hospitalized COVID-19 patients with limited access to face-to-face consultations due to the risk of disease transmission.</p> Petrin Redayani Lukman Alvin Saputra Sylvia Detri Elvira Heriani Alfi Fajar Almasyhur Leonita Ariesti Putri César Alberto Alfonso Reina Rahma Noviasari Copyright (c) 2021 Petrin Redayani Lukman, Alvin Saputra, Sylvia Detri Elvira, Heriani, Alfi Fajar Almasyhur, Leonita Ariesti Putri, César Alberto Alfonso, Reina Rahma Noviasari 2021-12-07 2021-12-07 30 4 250 5 10.13181/mji.oa.215473 Prevalence and clinical potential of extraspinal incidental findings in lumbosacral spine MRI of patients with suspected disc diseases <p class="p1"><strong>BACKGROUND</strong> Incidental findings could be observed in organs close to the spine while reporting lumbosacral spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study aimed to report the prevalence and clinical potential of extraspinal incidental findings in lumbosacral MRI of patients with suspected disc diseases.</p> <p class="p1"><strong>METHODS</strong> This single-centered cross-sectional study was carried out on 420 consecutive adult patients who underwent lumbar spine MRI for suspected disc disease from January to July 2019. The MRI was checked for the presence of extraspinal incidental findings, and each finding was categorized according to the body organ and its clinical significance. Each MRI plane that best displayed the findings was recorded, and the association between the findings and patient's age and sex was determined.</p> <p class="p1"><strong>RESULTS</strong> Of 420 samples, 135 cases showed extraspinal findings (32.1%), and 7.6% of the patients displayed suspicious lesions. The urinary tract was the most common system (18.6%) to display both clinically significant (5.0%) and benign findings (13.6%), and the axial MRI section was the plane which showed most of the incidental findings. Incidental findings in any body system were rarely found in the younger patients. Females had significantly higher benign findings than males (<em>p</em> = 0.002).</p> <p class="p1"><strong>CONCLUSIONS</strong> The prevalence of extraspinal findings in lumbosacral spine MRI is high, and some are significant. Most findings are related to the urinary tract and best displayed in the axial plane.</p> Sameeah Abdulrahman Rashid Copyright (c) 2021 Sameeah Abdulrahman Rashid 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 30 4 256 63 10.13181/mji.oa.215550 Immunogenicity and safety of adenovirus-based vector vaccines for COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong> Despite various research on vaccine development, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection continues to spread. Thus, developing a more effective vaccine for production and clinical efficacy is still in high demand. This review aimed to assess the immunogenicity and safety of adenovirus-based vector vaccine (Ad-vaccines) including Ad5-vectored, ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, rAd26-S or rAd5-S, and Ad26.COV2.S as the promising solutions for COVID-19.</p> <p><strong>METHODS</strong> We conducted a systematic review and meta analysis of clinical trials based on the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines through PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane, and EBSCOhost until August 17, 2021. We implemented inclusion and exclusion criteria and assessed the studies using OHAT risk of bias rating tool for human and animal studies. Pooled estimates of odds ratio (OR) were analyzed using fixed-effect model.</p> <p><strong>RESULTS</strong> This systematic review yielded 12 clinical studies with a total of 75,105 subjects. Although the studies were heterogeneous, this meta-analysis showed that Ad-vaccine significantly increased protection and immune response against COVID-19 with a pooled efficacy of 84.68% compared to placebo (<em>p</em>&lt;0.00001). Forest plot also indicated that Ad-vaccine conferred protection against moderate to severe COVID-19 with a pooled OR of 0.26 (<em>p</em>&lt;0.00001). Ad-vaccine had also shown a good safety profile with local site pain and fever as the most common side effects.</p> <p><strong>CONCLUSIONS</strong> Ad-vaccine had shown a good immunogenicity for COVID-19 with a good pooled efficacy and was proven safe for COVID-19 patients.</p> Ayers Gilberth Ivano Kalaij Valerie Josephine Dirjayanto Syarif Maulana Yusuf Erni Juwita Nelwan Copyright (c) 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 30 4 264 78 10.13181/mji.oa.215559 COVID-19 potentially causes long-term deterioration of lung function: a systematic review and meta-analysis <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong> The COVID-19 is an emerging disease that commonly involves respiratory complaints, including acute respiratory distress syndrome. The effect of COVID-19 on pulmonary function is still unclear and only based on sporadic reports with a small sample size. This study aimed to compile evidence on the pulmonary function of patients who have recovered from COVID-19.</p> <p><strong>METHODS</strong> Literature searching was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, Scopus, Web of Sciences, and CINAHL. Any types of studies published before June 26, 2020 and reported lung function tests of post-COVID-19 patients were included. Articles reporting data from early hospitalization were excluded. The risk of bias was measured using tools developed by the Joanna Briggs Institute. Meta-analysis was done using a meta statistical package in R and presented in the random effects model.</p> <p><strong>RESULTS</strong> 378 recovered COVID-19 patients in 7 studies were included. The lung function measurement periods were varied, ranging from 14 days after hospitalization to 10 weeks after receiving rehabilitation. Meta-analyses found that the pooled mean of diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide in recovered COVID-19 patients was lower than 80% predicted, whereas the other parameters were normal. The forced vital capacity and total lung capacity showing restrictive lung disorders were significantly lower in the severe COVID-19 survivors.</p> <p><strong>CONCLUSIONS</strong> COVID-19 has a negative impact on lung function for at least several weeks in the recovery period. Diffusion and restrictive problems could be the main long-term consequences of COVID-19.</p> Yudha Nur Patria Rahmaningsih Mara Sabirin Copyright (c) 2021 Yudha Nur Patria, Rahmaningsih Mara Sabirin 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 30 4 279 89 10.13181/mji.oa.215660 Perception and preventive behavior during COVID-19 pandemic among urban residents in Banda Aceh, Indonesia: a cross-sectional study <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong> It is critical to evaluate the perception and preventive behavior of COVID-19 to formulate the optimal public health strategies for tackling the ongoing pandemic. This study aimed to enhance knowledge on the perception and preventive behavior toward COVID-19 among urban residents in Banda Aceh, Indonesia.</p> <p><strong>METHODS</strong> A cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted from September to October 2020 using a structured questionnaire for the attendants of the six public health centers in Banda Aceh. Information about sociodemographic, perception, and preventive behavior toward COVID-19 were collected. The data were analyzed to find the association between the level of preventive behavior and covariates.</p> <p><strong>RESULTS</strong> Among 1,067 respondents, 71.1% were female, 52.5% were aged between 40 and 60 years, 31.2% were university graduates, and &gt;60% were unemployed with underlying diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and cardiopulmonary diseases. The responses of each statement toward COVID-19 were varied. The multivariable model of covariates showed that females had good preventive behavior toward COVID-19 (adjusted OR: 1.849, 95% CI: 1.359–2.515). Urban residents in Banda Aceh with the underlying diseases had poor preventive behavior, while those with higher educational level and perception scores were more inclined to engage in good preventive behavior.</p> <p><strong>CONCLUSIONS</strong> Most urban residents in Banda Aceh showed positive perception and propensity for adopting preventive measures. Health education is necessary for susceptible residents, such as males, less educated people, and people with underlying diseases. It should be stressed on specific practices and knowledge.</p> Husnah Liza Salawati Sakdiah Nurul Nazira Sarah Firdausa Yusuf Syaeful Nawawi Copyright (c) 2021 Husnah, Liza Salawati, Sakdiah, Nurul Nazira, Sarah Firdausa, Yusuf Syaeful Nawawi 2021-12-30 2021-12-30 30 4 290 6 10.13181/mji.oa.215674 Endovascular treatment of an unruptured ophthalmic artery aneurysm with a flow diverter: a case report <p>An unruptured aneurysm is often asymptomatic or present without neurological deficits, causing severe morbidity. However, the potential of this defect to rupture requires proper management. Herein, we report a case of an unruptured saccular aneurysm of the ophthalmic artery with initial clinical seizures. The patient was treated by flow diversion which redirects the blood flow that normally leads to the protrusion of the aneurysm back to the main vessel. Flow diversion is chosen because it is less risky and has a faster recovery time than other treatment options, but it is more expensive than others. Although this technology is not new, there is no report on its implementation in Indonesia. The patient was prescribed antiplatelet treatment for at least 6 months post-treatment, then she showed no sign of seizure or new focal neurological deficits 4 months post-treatment. The patients were expected to undergo digital subtraction angiography evaluation 6 months after flow diversion treatment, but it has not been performed due to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.</p> Rakhmad Hidayat Fadila Asmaniar Affan Priambodo Taufik Mesiano Muhammad Kurniawan Al Rasyid Salim Harris Copyright (c) 2021 Rakhmad Hidayat, Fadila Asmaniar, Affan Priambodo, Taufik Mesiano, Muhammad Kurniawan, Al Rasyid, Salim Harris 2021-06-04 2021-06-04 30 4 297 300 10.13181/ Everolimus for the treatment of epithelioid hemangioma: a case report <p>Epithelioid hemangioma is a rare benign vascular tumor manifested as slow-growing subcutaneous or dermal nodules. A previously therapeutic strategy involved surgical excision and sclerotherapy. However, no standard treatment has been established. Here, we reported an atypical case of epithelioid hemangioma that had a locally aggressive behavior and was successfully treated with everolimus, a rapamycin analog used for cancer therapy. A 1-year-old boy presented with an ulcerated lump in the left palmar region. The imaging test results, confirmed through histopathologic examination, suggested a diagnosis of epithelioid hemangioma. Targeted therapy with everolimus was administered orally because of a minimal response to initial transarterial sclerotherapy. The patient achieved a satisfactory response with a significantly reduced lesion size and improved hand function after a 2-year follow-up. This finding showed that patients with locally aggressive forms of epithelioid hemangioma may significantly benefit from everolimus as a potential targeted therapy.</p> Mururul Aisyi Ayu Hutami Syarif Dewi Aisyah Mukarramah Rio Hermawan Dewi Iriani Copyright (c) 2021 Mururul Aisyi, Ayu Hutami Syarif, Dewi Aisyah Mukarramah, Rio Hermawan, Dewi Iriani 2021-06-15 2021-06-15 30 4 301 5 10.13181/ Feasibility of the modified 30-second sit-to-stand test in an isolation ward of moderate COVID-19 <p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong> The recovery after prolonged immobilization during hospitalization because of COVID-19 is the primary goal of moderate to severe COVID-19 rehabilitation. Lower extremity muscle function assessment after immobilization is needed before starting mobilization. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of the modified 30-second sit-to-stand test (m30STS) as one of the prospective tools of functional capacity assessment in moderate COVID-19.</p> <p><strong>METHODS</strong> This cross-sectional study recruited the subjects consecutively. All eligible subjects with oxygen saturation (SaO<sub>2</sub>) ≥95% with or without oxygen supplementation performed the m30STS following the Bohannon’s guidelines. The score of m30STS was calculated based on the number of stands completed within 30 sec. A higher score of the m30STS indicated better lower extremity function.</p> <p><strong>RESULTS</strong> Mean score of m30STS was 13.3. No subjects had oxygen desaturation or increased heart rate, and no fall incidents occurred.</p> <p><strong>CONCLUSIONS</strong> The m30STS is feasible and safe to evaluate lower extremity for moderate COVID-19 patients with SaO<sub>2</sub> &gt;95%. The absence of oxygen desaturation and increase in heart rate showed no increased oxygen consumption during the test.</p> Evi Rachmawati Nur Hidayati Amien Suharti Adis Tiara Suratinoyo Silma Rahima Zahra Nury Nusdwinuringtyas Copyright (c) 2021 Evi Rachmawati Nur Hidayati, Amien Suharti, Adis Tiara Suratinoyo, Silma Rahima Zahra, Nury Nusdwinuringtyas 2021-12-23 2021-12-23 30 4 306 10 10.13181/mji.bc.215477 Acknowledgment of Reviewers Medical Journal of Indonesia Copyright (c) 2022 2022-01-05 2022-01-05 30 4 311 311 Front & Back Matter Medical Journal of Indonesia Copyright (c) 2022-01-04 2022-01-04 30 4