Changes in body weight and healthy lifestyle perception of Indonesian adults during COVID-19 pandemic

  • Sorra Milwayani Septiyana Alma Ata Graduate School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Alma Ata Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2427-0526
  • Arif Sabta Aji Alma Ata Graduate School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Alma Ata Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia; Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Alma Ata Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Yhona Paratmanitya Alma Ata Graduate School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Alma Ata Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia; Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Alma Ata Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: body weight changes, COVID-19, healthy lifestyle, Indonesia
Abstract viewed: 53 times
PDF downloaded: 26 times

Abstract

BACKGROUND Social restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic have impacted eating patterns and psychological status, leading to changes in body weight and perceptions of a healthy lifestyle in society. This study aimed to investigate the effect of social restrictions on weight changes and perceptions of a healthy lifestyle in adults during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia.

METHODS This cross-sectional study was conducted using convenience sampling on 287 Indonesian adults from June to August 2020. The data were collected using a self-administered online questionnaire using Google Forms. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test and logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS There was no effect of social restrictions on weight changes and perceptions of lifestyle in adults (p = 0.900 and 0.748, respectively). However, 112 respondents (78.3%) had positive perceptions or supported adopting a healthy lifestyle under large-scale social restrictions. Multivariable logistic regression demonstrated that adults aged 36–45 years had a 3.6 times higher risk of weight changes than young adults aged 25–35 years (p = 0.004, OR = 3.65, 95% CI = 1.51–8.85).

CONCLUSIONS Social restrictions did not affect weight changes and perceptions of a healthy lifestyle in adults during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. However, older adults might have a higher risk of body weight changes. Controlling body weight is important to prevent further weight gain and the risk of noncommunicable diseases that can aggravate COVID-19.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

  1. Suraya I, Nurmansyah MI, Rachmawati E, Al Aufa B, Koire II. The impact of large-scale social restrictions on the incidence of COVID-19: a case study of four provinces in Indonesia. Natl Public Health J. 2020;(Special Issue 1):49-53. https://doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v15i2.3990

  2. Abbas AM, Fathy SK, Fawzy AT, Salem AS, Shawky MS. The mutual effects of COVID-19 and obesity. Obes Med. 2020;19:100250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.obmed.2020.100250

  3. Paramashanti BA. Challenges for Indonesia zero hunger agenda in the context of COVID-19 pandemic. Natl Public Health J. 2020;15(2):24-7. https://doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v15i2.3934

  4. Atmadja TF, Yunianto AE, Yuliantini E, Haya M, Faridi A, Suryana. Description of attitudes and healthy lifestyle of Indonesian community during pandemic Covid-19. AcTion Aceh Nutr J. 2020;5(2):195-202. https://doi.org/10.30867/action.v5i2.355

  5. Aji AS, Surendran S, Rahayu HK, Kurniasari Y, Triastanti RK, Ahmadah I, et al. Eating habits and lifestyle changes during COVID-19 pandemic among Indonesian college students: results from Indonesia Dietary and Lifestyle Changes (IDLC) study. Mal J Med Health Sci. 2022;18(Supp12):14-20.

  6. Dryhurst S, Schneider CR, Kerr J, Freeman AL, Recchia G, van der Bles AM, et al. Risk perceptions of COVID-19 around the world. J Risk Res. 2020;23(7-8):994-1006. https://doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2020.1758193

  7. Ramadhan A, Rahim R, Utami NN. [Income analysis (case study: income of rice farmers in Medan Krio Village] [Internet]. Medan: Tahta Media Group; 2023. Available from: https://tahtamedia.co.id/index.php/issj/article/view/144. Indonesian.

  8. Putra AE, Firmansyah Y, Hendsun, Agustian H, S HC. [Relationship between physical activity and body mass index during studying from home in the COVID-19 pandemic]. Jurnal Medika Hutama. 2021;02(03):911-7. Indonesian.

  9. Curtis RG, Olds T, Ferguson T, Fraysse F, Dumuid D, Esterman A, et al. Changes in diet, activity, weight, and wellbeing of parents during COVID-19 lockdown. PLoS One. 2021;16(3):e0248008. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0248008

  10. Nurrahmawati F, Fatmaningrum W. [The association between age, stress level, macronutrient intake and abdominal obesity among housewives in Sidotopo, Surabaya]. Amerta Nutr. 2018;2(3):254-64. Indonesian. https://doi.org/10.20473/amnt.v2i3.2018.254-264

  11. Zachary Z, Brianna F, Brianna L, Garrett P, Jade W, Alyssa D, et al. Self-quarantine and weight gain related risk factors during the COVID-19 pandemic. Obes Res Clin Pract. 2020;14(3):210-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2020.05.004

  12. Robinson E, Gillespie S, Jones A. Weight-related lifestyle behaviours and the COVID-19 crisis: an online survey study of UK adults during social lockdown. Obes Sci Pract. 2020;6(6):735-40. https://doi.org/10.1002/osp4.442

  13. Abe M, Arima H, Satoh A, Okuda N, Taniguchi H, Nishi N, et al. Marital status, household size, and lifestyle changes during the first COVID-19 pandemic: NIPPON DATA2010. PLoS One. 2023;18(3):e0283430. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0283430

  14. Cecchetto C, Aiello M, Gentili C, Ionta S, Osimo SA. Increased emotional eating during COVID-19 associated with lockdown, psychological and social distress. Appetite. 2021;160:105122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105122

  15. Goitia J, Chen A, Patel S, Herald J, Lee MS. Factors associated with weight gain during the COVID-19 pandemic. Obes Res Clin Pract. 2022;16(2):174-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2022.03.002

  16. Septiyana SM, Aji AS, Reznar M, Estradé M, Guo I, Chin YS, et al. Dietary habits by income level during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia: results from the IndoNutriLifeCOVID-19 online survey. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2022;10(T8):143−8. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2022.9466

  17. Anderson LN, Yoshida-Montezuma Y, Jambon M, Smith BT, Carsley S, Gonzalez A. Income precarity and child and parent weight change during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional analysis of the Ontario Parent Survey. BMJ Open. 2022;12(12):e063653. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-063653

  18. Prastyawati M, Fauziah M, Ernyasih, Romdhona N, Herdiansyah D. [Factors associated with preventive behavior COVID-19 FKM UMJ students during the COVID-19 pandemic 2020]. J Public Heal Res Dev. 2021;1(2):173-84. Indonesian.

  19. Hu F, Cheung L, Otis B, Oliveira N. Healthy living guide 2022/2023. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health; 2022.

  20. Suryani AO, Purwodiharjo OM. [Health belief model application in handling the COVID-19 pandemic in Jakarta Province]. J Perkota. 2021;12(1):21-38. Indonesian. https://doi.org/10.25170/perkotaan.v12i1.1262

  21. Stephen A, Nair S, Joshi A, Aggarwal S, Adhikari T, Diwan V, et al. Gender differences in COVID-19 knowledge, risk perception, and public stigma among the general community: findings from a nationwide cross-sectional study in India. Int J Disaster Risk Reduct. 2023;93:103776. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2023.103776

  22. Anissa D. [Factors affecting community perceptions of covid-19 pandemic: a literature review] [thesis]. [Yogyakarta]: Universitas 'Aisyiyah; 2021. Indonesian.

  23. Rachmah Q, Nindya TS, Aji AS, Patimah S, Rachmah N, Maulana NI, et al. Increased knowledge and self-efficacy of COVID-19 prevention through conventional nutrition education. Natl Nutr J. 2021;16(3):273−9. https://doi.org/10.20473/mgi.v16i3.273-279

  24. Harti LB, Cempaka AR, Maulidiana AR, Dini CY, Fahmi I, Wani YA. [Increasing public knowledge in a webinar on the role of food to improve the immune system during the Covid-19 pandemic]. J Tri Dharma Mandiri. 2023;2(2):92-7. Indonesian. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jtridharma.2022.002.02.92

  25. Siswati T, Olfah Y, Kasjono HS, Paramashanti BA. Improving adolescent knowledge and attitude toward the intergenerational cycle of undernutrition through audiovisual education: findings from RESEPIN study in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Indian J Community Med. 2022;47(2):196−201. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijcm.ijcm_1229_21

Published
2024-07-01
How to Cite
1.
Septiyana SM, Aji AS, Paratmanitya Y. Changes in body weight and healthy lifestyle perception of Indonesian adults during COVID-19 pandemic. Med J Indones [Internet]. 2024Jul.1 [cited 2024Jul.20];1(1). Available from: https://mji.ui.ac.id/journal/index.php/mji/article/view/7222
Section
Community Research