Air movement, gender and risk of sick building headache among employees in a Jakarta office
Even though office buildings are usually equipped with ventilation system or air conditioning to create a comfortable workingÂ environment, yet there is still found a number of sick building syndrome (SBS) symptoms. One of the symptoms of SBS is SBSÂ headache. Therefore, it is crucial to identify risk factors related to SBS headache. Cases were subjects who have suffered SBSÂ headache, and controls were subjects who did not suffered headache for the last one month. Cases and controls were selected throughÂ a survey on all of employees in the said office during the period of May to August 2002. Total respondents were 240 employeesÂ including 36 people suffered SBS headache (15%). Compared to the normal air movement, faster air movement decreased the risk ofÂ SBS headache by 57% [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 0.43; 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.19-0.95]. Female employees, compared toÂ the males ones, had a higher risk of getting SBS headache by almost three times (adjusted OR = 2.96: 95% CI: 1.29-6.75). EmployeesÂ who had breakfast irregularly, had a lower risk to SBS headache than those who have breakfast regularly (adjusted OR=0.31; 95%Â CI: 0.09-0.84). Temperature, humidity and smoking habits were not noted correlated to SBS headache. Female workers had greaterÂ risk of suffering SBS headache. In addition slower air movement increased the risk of SBS headache. Therefore, it is recommended toÂ improve the progress of air in order to reduce the risk of SBS headache, especially for female workplace. (Med J Indones 2003; 12: 171-7)
Keywords: sick building syndrome headache, gender, air movement
Copyright (c) 2003 Margaretha Winarti, Bastaman Basuki, Abdulbar Hamid
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