Antiviral effect of Archidendron pauciflorum leaves extract to hepatitis C virus: An in vitro study in JFH-1 strain

  • Sri Hartati Research Centre for Chemistry, Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI), Kawasan PUSPIPTEK, Tangerang
  • Chie Aoki Department of International Health, Kobe University, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe
  • Muhammad Hanafi Research Centre for Chemistry, Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI), Kawasan PUSPIPTEK, Tangerang
  • Marissa Angelina Research Centre for Chemistry, Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI), Kawasan PUSPIPTEK, Tangerang
  • Pratiwi Soedarmono Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta
  • Hak Hotta Department of Oral Vaccine and Drug Development, Kobe University, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe
Keywords: Archidendron pauciflorum, HCV, JFH-1
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Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of chronic liver diseases. Drug resistance to the regimen is also increasing. Hence, there is a need for new anti-HCV agents that are less toxic and more efficacious. The aim of this study is to evaluate the  possibility of A. pauciflorum extracts can be a antiviral drug.

Methods: Huh-7it cells were infected with the HCV genotype 2a strain JFH-I in the presence of methanol extracts of Archidenron pauciflorum. The methanol extract further partition used n-hexane, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water showed in which butanol extracts exerted the strongest IC50 (6.3 g/ml). Further, the butanol fraction was fractionated and yielded into 13 fractions.

Results: The methanol extract of the leaves of A. pauciflorum exhibited concentration dependent inhibition against the JFH1 strain of HCV genotype 2a with an IC50 is 72.5 μg/ml. The butanol fraction exhibited the highest anti-HCV activity with an IC50 is 6.3 μg/ml. The butanol fraction was fractionated which yielded 13 fractions. Fractions 5 and 13 exhibited high anti-HCV activities with IC50 is 5.0 μg/ml and 8.5 μg/ml and a time-of-addition study demonstrated that fraction 5 inhibited viral infection at the post-entry step, whereas fraction 13 primarily inhibited the viral entry step.

Conclusion: The extract A. pauciflorum can be used as a herbal-based antiviral drug.


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How to Cite
Hartati S, Aoki C, Hanafi M, Angelina M, Soedarmono P, Hotta H. Antiviral effect of <em>Archidendron pauciflorum</em> leaves extract to hepatitis C virus: An <em>in vitro</em&gt; study in JFH-1 strain. Med J Indones [Internet]. 2018May8 [cited 2024Apr.15];27(1):12-8. Available from:
Basic Medical Research