Impact of HIV/AIDS in the family on childrenâ€™s quality of life
Aim: An AIDS epidemic has a negative social and economic impact to the families. The aim of the study is to explore the impact of HIV/AIDS in the family to the quality of life of the children, including other factors that might interfere.
Methods: The study utilized the data of a survey conducted by the Health Research Center of the University of Indonesia (2007), in seven provinces consisting of 379 households (HH) with HIV and 370 HH without HIV. Childâ€™s quality of life was measured at ages 5 to 11 years (pre-adolescent) using a composite of three variables (education, social environment, and physical activity), and was scored as â€˜poorâ€™ and â€˜goodâ€™. Multiple logistic regression was performed to examine the impact of HIV/AIDS, household and child factor towards the childâ€™s quality of life.
Results: The presence of an HIV/AIDS patient in the HHÂ increases the risk of poor quality of life 1.59 times compared
to the risk in HH without HIV/AIDS. If the child is a female, the risk of poor quality of life increases 1.50 times compared to male children. A child who is poorly taken care of faces a 1.55 times higher risk of poor quality of life compared to children who are well taken care of. In younger children (5-7 yrs) the risk of poor quality of life increases 1.60 times compared to olderÂ children (8-11 yrs).
Conclusion: The study showed that when a member of the family is infected with HIV, it will negatively affect the quality of life of a pre-teen child in that family. This negative effect is higher when the child is a female, does not receive proper care, and of younger age. (Med J Indones 2010; 19:280-6)
Keywords: child care, childrenâ€™s quality of life, impact ofÂ HIV/ AIDS
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