Serum folate levels among healthy infants aged 6â€“8 months: relation to infantsâ€™ nutritional status indicators and maternal knowledge-attitude-practice
Background: Vitamin B12 and folate deficiency can cause anemia which may lead growth and developmentÂ impairments. This study was aimed to determine serum folate levels among infants aged 6â€“8 months and the relationÂ to infantsâ€™ nutritional indicators and maternal knowledge-attitude-practice about infant feeding.
Methods: A crossâ€“sectional design was implemented in infants aged 6â€“8 months and their mothers as respondents whoÂ met the study criteria. Data collected among the infants included sex, age, length, weight, intake of energy, protein andÂ folate (based on a oneâ€“month semiâ€“quantitative FFQ and a 24â€“hour food recall), serum folate and hemoglobin levels.Â Data collected among the mothers included age, education level, income based on average minimum monthly wage,Â knowledge, attitude and behavior concerning infantâ€™s feeding, i.e. breast milk and complementary feeding practices.
Results: This study found that the median of serum folate levels was 43.05 nmol/L with values ranging from 19.92 nmol/LÂ to 104.24 nmol/L. Serum folate level had a strong positive correlation with its related factors, protein and folate intake.
Conclusions: Protein-folateâ€“rich complementay food should be provided to infants aged 6 months and over toÂ maintain serum folate level. (Med J Indones 2011; 20:138-42)
Keywords: Folate, infants, nutrient intake, nutritional status
Copyright (c) 2011 Tutik Ernawati, Saptawati Bardosono, Rini Sekartini
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with Medical Journal of Indonesia agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant Medical Journal of Indonesia right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License that allows others to remix, adapt, build upon the work non-commercially with an acknowledgment of the work’s authorship and initial publication in Medical Journal of Indonesia.
- Authors are permitted to copy and redistribute the journal's published version of the work non-commercially (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in Medical Journal of Indonesia.