A risk prediction model of the incidence of occupational low back pain among mining workers
Background: Low Back Pain (LBP) is the most frequently reported musculoskeletal disorder in workers. This study wasÂ aimed to develop risk prediction model of low back pain that can be used to prevent the recurring low back pain attack.
Methods: The study was case-control design based on the industrial community by using ergonomical approach. TotalÂ samples were 91 workers for cases and 91 workers for controls. Workers suffering for low back pain in the last 6 monthsÂ served as cases, and those from the same age group and receiving the same amount of exposure without any symptoms of lowÂ back pain served as controls. Risk factors include socio-demographic factors, socio-ocupational factors, physical workingÂ environmental factors, non-physical environmental factors, and biomechanics factors. Receiver Operating CharacreisticsÂ (ROC) was used to describe relationship between true positive value (in vertical axis) and false positive value (in horizontalÂ axis) in order to discover a risk predictive value of LBP.
Results: The determinant risk factors for low back pain (LBP) were bending work postures, waist rotation movement,Â manual lifting, unnatural work postures, those who had worked for more than 18 years, and irregular sport activities. ByÂ using ROC with 91.20% senstivity and 87.90% spesifi city, the calculated prediction value was 0.35. This is the cut-off pointÂ to discriminate workers with and without LBP. The risk predictors value of work-induced LBP calculated by linear equationÂ of logistic regression varied between 0-11.25.
Conclusion: The prediction model of work-induced LBP can be used for early detection of LBP to reduce the risk andÂ prevent the recurrence of LBP. (Med J Indones. 2011; 20:212-6)
Keywords: Ergonomy, low back pain, prediction model, work-induced LBP
Copyright (c) 2011 Fikry Effendi, Corrie Wawolumaja, Azrul Azwar, Jusuf Misbach
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