The use of lower formalin-containing embalming solution for anatomy cadaver preparation
Background: We used cadaver embalming technique with a high concentration of formaldehyde (37% formaldehyde). However, it gives toxic effects which can endanger the technicians, lecturers and students. For that reason, the effective, efficient and safer embalming process is needed; in this article we describe the use of low formalin solution (5-7.5% formaldehyde) to achieve prior purposes.
Methods: Cadaver is embalmed by actively pumping low formalin-containing solution (5-7.5%) via femoral arteries. Further methods are detailed in this manuscript.
Results: Paler cadaver with more intact and easier to dissect specimen (drier and still moist with no fungal growth) was resulted by using this low formalin technique.
Conclusion: The use of low formalin-containing solution in cadaver embalming gave good quality results for anatomy teaching. (Med J Indones. 2012;21:203-7)
Coleman R, Kogan I. An improved low-formaldehyde embalming fluid to preserve cadavers for anatomy teaching. J Anat. 1998;192:443-6. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-7580.1998.19230443.x
O'Sulivan E, Mitchell BS. An improved composition for embalming fluid to preserve cadaver for anatomy teaching in the United Kingdom. J Anat. 1993;182:295-7.
Saeed M, Rufai AA, Elsayed SE. Mummification to plastination. Saudi Med J. 2001;22(11):965-9.
Moore CM, Brown CM. Gunther von Hagens and body worlds part 1: the anatomist as prosektor and proplastiker. Anat Rec B New Anat. 2004;276(1):8-14. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.b.20003
von Hagens G, Tiedemann K, Kriz W. The current potential of plastination. Anat Embryol (Berl). 1987;175(4):411-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00309677
McQuillan PM, LeGrande Y, Wade R. Use of plastinated human specimens in teaching regional anesthetic techniques. International Journal of Plastination. 1994;8(1):15-8.
Dixit D, Athavia PD, Pathak HM. Toxic effects of embalming fluid on medical students and professionals. JIAFM. 2005;27(4):209-11.
Whitehead MC, Savoia MC. Evaluation of methods to reduce formaldehyde level of cadavers in the dissection laboratory. Clin Anat. 2008;21(1):75-81. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.20567
Anderson SD. Practical light embalming technique for use in the surgical fresh tissue dissection laboratory. Clin Anat. 2006;19(1):8-11. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.20216
Levine RL, Kieves S, Cathey G, Blinchevsky A, Acland R, Thompson R, et al. The use of lightly embalmed (fresh tissue) cadavers for resident laparoscopic training. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2006;13(5):451-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2006.06.011
Paustenbach D, Alarie Y, Kulie T, Scahchter R, Smith N, Swenberg J, et al. A recommended occupational exposure limit for formaldehyde based on irritation. J Toxicol Environ Health.1997;50(3):217-63. https://doi.org/10.1080/009841097160465
Copyright (c) 2012 Viskasari P. Kalanjati, Lucky Prasetiowati, Haryanto Alimsardjono
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with Medical Journal of Indonesia agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant Medical Journal of Indonesia right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License that allows others to remix, adapt, build upon the work non-commercially with an acknowledgment of the work’s authorship and initial publication in Medical Journal of Indonesia.
- Authors are permitted to copy and redistribute the journal's published version of the work non-commercially (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in Medical Journal of Indonesia.