Incidence of epilepsy among patients with cerebral palsy (CP) in Yayasan Pemeliharaan Anak Cacat (YPAC) – Medan

  • Pertin Sianturi
  • Amir Syarifuddin
  • Bistok Saing
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Abstract

Epilepsy is a chronic condition due to cerebral function disorders. Epilepsy occurs as a common complication of many neurological disorders such as cerebral palsy (CP) that can cause further brain damage if especially they are accompanied with prolonged seizure. The incidence of epilepsy among patients with CP varies, 25-35%. The high incidence of epilepsy among patients with CP suggests that these disorders has common or related origins. We carried out a retrospective study to determine the incidence of epilepsy among patients with CP registered July 1988 to June 1998 in YPAC Medan and to determine whether the incidence of epilepsy was different according to type of CP. Data was compiled from medical records, including name, sex, parity, mothers age, prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal history, and EEG resuts. Data were analysed using statistical computer program and its significance was evaluated by chi square test at p < 0.05. There were 67 cases with CP, 53 cases spastic CP, 13 cases mixed CP and one case dyskinetic CP. Of the 67 cases CP, 47.8% were male, 52.2% female with the mean age of 50.3 (SD 36.9) months. There were 25 (37.3%) patients CP associated with epilepsy, 72% general seizures, 20% partial seizures, and 8% infantile spasm. The incidence of epilepsy was significantly different among patients with CP associated with the type of CP and gestational age, p < 0.05. We concluded that the incidence of epilepsy among patient with CP in YPAC Medan was 37.3% and showed significant difference in CP according to type and gestational age. (Med J Indones 2002; 11: 158-63)

Keywords: epilepsy, cerebral palsy, obstetric history, gestational age

Author Biographies

Pertin Sianturi
Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine University of North Sumatera / H. Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia
Amir Syarifuddin
Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine University of North Sumatera / H. Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia
Bistok Saing
Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine University of North Sumatera / H. Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia
Published
2002-08-01
How to Cite
1.
Sianturi P, Syarifuddin A, Saing B. Incidence of epilepsy among patients with cerebral palsy (CP) in Yayasan Pemeliharaan Anak Cacat (YPAC) – Medan. Med J Indones [Internet]. 2002Aug.1 [cited 2019Nov.12];11(3):158-63. Available from: http://mji.ui.ac.id/journal/index.php/mji/article/view/69
Section
Community Research