Stress among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic and the determinant factors: a cross-sectional study

  • Muhammad Reza Aditya Occupational Medicine Specialty Programme, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7057-4646
  • Muchtaruddin Mansyur Occupational Medicine Specialty Programme, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia; Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3100-3269
  • Muhammad Ikhsan Mokoagow Department of Internal Medicine, Fatmawati General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8141-0324
  • Nuri Purwito Adi Occupational Medicine Specialty Programme, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia; Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Dewi Yunia Fitriani Occupational Medicine Specialty Programme, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia; Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9002-0715
  • Heriani Tobing Departement of Psychiatry, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Jean Marc Pujo Emergency Department, Cayenne General Hospital, Cayenne, French Guiana, France https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8146-3362
  • Hatem Kallel Intensive Care Unit, Cayenne General Hospital, Cayenne, French Guiana, France
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare workers, hospital, stress
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PDF downloaded: 72 times

Abstract

BACKGROUND During the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been an increase in workload, as well as greater vigilance and compliance at work. Healthcare workers must perform their duties while facing the fear of COVID-19, which can trigger and/or aggravate stress. This study aimed to obtain the determinant factors of stress among healthcare workers during the pandemic by emphasizing the change in the psychosocial situation at the hospital.

METHODS This cross-sectional study was conducted from January to March 2021 using an online questionnaire consisting of personal and occupational questionnaires, as well as the validated stressor and stress questionnaires using validity and reliability tests (Cronbach’s alpha 0.8 and 0.9). For the multivariate analysis, multiple logistic regression was used to identify the determinant factors (p<0.05). Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 20 (IBM Corp., USA).

RESULTS Determinant factors of the occurrence of moderate–severe stress were the alteration of stressors including age (aOR = 1.9), working hours (aOR = 1.9), work zone (aOR = 2.7), limited facilities and resources (aOR = 6.2), risk of disease transmission (aOR = 0.3), and personal work demands (aOR = 2.1).

CONCLUSIONS In addition to the younger age, the determinant factors of the incidence of moderate–severe stress in healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic at the hospitals were work-related conditions. However, they remained controllable to prevent stress among healthcare workers in the peak load work situations such as a pandemic.

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Published
2022-11-10
How to Cite
1.
Aditya MR, Mansyur M, Mokoagow MI, Adi NP, Fitriani DY, Tobing H, Pujo JM, Kallel H. Stress among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic and the determinant factors: a cross-sectional study. Med J Indones [Internet]. 2022Nov.10 [cited 2022Dec.4];1(1). Available from: https://mji.ui.ac.id/journal/index.php/mji/article/view/6030
Section
Clinical Research