The burden of ocular diseases in an underdeveloped village in Southwest Sumba, Eastern Indonesia, 2016

  • Ratna Sitompul Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
  • Yeni D. Lestari Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
  • Simon Siregar Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
  • Asti Ayudianingrum Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
  • Isfiyanto Isfiyanto Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta
  • Gladys Kusumowidagdo Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta
  • Della P. Sari Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta
  • Eiko B. Matiur Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta
  • Saleha Sungkar Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta
Keywords: blindness, Indonesia, Southwest Sumba, underdeveloped district, visual impairment

Abstract

Background: Prevalence estimates of ocular diseases in a given district are important to plan the programs of eye care services. This study aimed to describe the burden of ocular diseases as an initial step in improving eye care services in underdeveloped areas in Indonesia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed among residents of Perobatang Village in Southwest Sumba district in July 2016. Eye examinations were conducted by ophthalmologists, and visual acuity was measured by optometrists. Participants were provided with appropriate treatment according to diagnosis. Surgical services were offered two months after the examination.

Results: After eximining a total of 667 of 1,459 (46%) residents, the result showed that the most frequent ocular problems were presbyopia (30.8%), cataract (12.8%), refractive error (11.3%), and pterygium (10.7%). The proportion of myopia was 5.9%, hyperopia was 5.0%, and astigmatism was 2.2%. Moreover, the proportion of blindness was 10%. Cataract caused blindness in 44 participants. Other causes of blindness included age-related macular degeneration, retinopathy, optic atrophy, glaucoma, retinal detachment and trauma.

Conclusion: The burden of ocular problems in Perobatang Village, Southwest Sumba, Eastern Indonesia was high. These findings showed the importance of public health action from local government and non-governmental organizations to improve eye care services in Southwest Sumba district.

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Published
2018-02-14
How to Cite
Sitompul, R., Lestari, Y. D., Siregar, S., Ayudianingrum, A., Isfiyanto, I., Kusumowidagdo, G., Sari, D. P., Matiur, E. B., & Sungkar, S. (2018). The burden of ocular diseases in an underdeveloped village in Southwest Sumba, Eastern Indonesia, 2016. Medical Journal of Indonesia, 26(4), 277-85. https://doi.org/10.13181/mji.v26i4.1808
Section
Community Research

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