Hospital-based analysis of eye diseases at Karitas Hospital, Southwest Sumba, 2015

Ratna Sitompul, Saleha Sungkar



DOI: https://doi.org/10.13181/mji.v27i3.2686

Abstract


Background: This study aimed to determine the profile of eye diseases at Karitas Hospital in Southwest Sumba during 2015.

Methods: The cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted by analyzing medical records of 1706 patients who presented with eye complaints at Karitas Hospital, Southwest Sumba, in 2015. Complete medical records were recovered from 1363 patients, who served as subjects for this study.

Results: Thirty-six percent of subjects were elderly (>55 years old) and 9.9% were children (<18 years old). Female patients comprised 56.4% of the study population and males 43.6%. Non-infectious eye diseases dominated (89.8%; 95%CI: 88.2%–91.4%) compared to infectious diseases (8.2%; 95%CI: 6.7%–9.7%) and mixed cases (2%; 95%CI: 1.3%–2.7%). Avoidable causes of blindness, cataract (34%), and refractive error (17.3%), were mostly found among non-infectious cases, while conjunctivitis (52.7%) and keratitis (17%) were the most commonly encountered infectious diseases.

Conclusion: Eye diseases at Karitas Hospital in Southwest Sumba mostly comprised non-infectious diseases. The most commonly noted non-infectious diseases were cataracts and refractive errors, while conjunctivitis and keratitis were the most commonly found infectious diseases. Due to the high amount of patients seeking eye care within Southwest Sumba, ophthalmologists and proper equipment are needed at the Karitas Hospital.

Keywords


cataract, conjunctivitis, eye diseases, keratitis, refractive error, underdeveloped districts

Full Text:

PDF

References


  1. Center of data and information Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. Situation of visual impairment and blindness. Jakarta: Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia; 2014.
  2. World Health Organization. Global data on visual impairment 2010. Geneva: WHO; 2012.
  3. Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. Data and information on health of Nusa Tenggara Timur Province [Internet]. 2014 [accessed: 2 Desember 2016]. Available from: http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/kunjungan-kerja/nusa-tenggara-timur.pdf.
  4. Center for Statistics Southwest Sumba District. Civil Registration of Southwest Sumba 2015 [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2 December 2016]. Available from: www.sumbabaratdayakab.bps.go.id.
  5. Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. Basic health survey 2013. Jakarta: Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia; 2013.
  6. Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. Basic health survey 2007. Jakarta: Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia; 2013.
  7. WHO. Vision 2020 the Right to Sight, Global Initiative for the Elimination of Avoidable Blindness: Action Plan 2006–2011. Geneva; WHO:2007.
  8. Sitompul R, Lestari YD, Siregar S, Ayudianingrum A, Isfiyanto, Kusumowidagdo G, et al. The burden of ocular diseases in an underdeveloped village in Southwest Sumba, Eastern Indonesia, 2016. Med J Indones. 2017;26(4):277–85. https://doi.org/10.13181/mji.v26i4.1808
  9. Foster S. Dry eye syndrome. Medscape [online series]. 2016 [cited 6 December 2016]. Downloaded from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1210417-overview#a1.
  10. Roh HC, Lee JK, Kim M, Oh JH, Chang MW, Chuck RS, et al. Systemic comorbidities of dry eye syndrome: the Korean national health and nutrition examination survey V, 2010 to 2012. Cornea. 2016;35(2):187–92. https://doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000000657
  11. Aminlari A, Singh R, Liang D. Management of pterygium. In: Scott IU, Fekrat S, Hofmeister EH, editors. Ophtalmic pearls. American Academy of Ophtalmology; 2010.
  12. Wang GQ, Bai ZX, Shi J, Luo S, Chang HF, Sai XY. Prevalence and risk factors for eye diseases, blindness, and low vision in Lhasa, Tibet. Int J Ophthalmol. 2013;6(2):237–41. https://doi.org/10.3980/j.issn.2222-3959.2013.02.24
  13. Nangia V, Jonas JB, Nair D, Saini N, Nangia P, Panda-Jonas S. Prevalence and associated factors for pterygium in rural agrarian Central India. The Central India and medical study. PloS ONE. 2013;8(12):e82439. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082439
  14. Pan CW, Zhao CH, Yu MB, Cun Q, Chen Q, Shen W, et al. Prevalence, types and awareness of glaucoma in a multi-ethnic population in rural China: the Yunnan minority eye study. Ophtalmic Physiol Opt. 2016;36(6):664–70. https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.12319
  15. Sungkar S, Pohan AP, Ramadani A, Albar N, Azizah F, Nugraha AR, et al. Heavy burden of intestinal parasite infections in Kalena Rongo village, a rural area in South West Sumba, eastern part of Indonesia: a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:1296. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2619-z
  16. Varma R, Kim JS, Burkemper BS, Wen G, Torres M, Hsu C, et al. Prevalence and causes of visual impairment and blindness in chinese American adults: the chinese american eye study. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(7):785–93. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.1261
  17. Cao J, Yang Y, Yang W, Wu R, Xiao X, Yuan J, et al. Prevalence of infectious keratitis in Central China. BMC Ophtalmol. 2014;14:43. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2415-14-43
  18. Singh A, Dwivedi S, Dabral SB, Bihari V, Rastogi AK, Kumar D. Ocular morbidity in the rural areas of Allahabad, India. Nepal J Ophthalmol. 2012;4(7):49–53. https://doi.org/10.3126/nepjoph.v4i1.5850
  19. Monsudi KF, Saka ES, Azonobi RI. Pattern of eye diseases present at free outreach in rural community in the Northwestern Nigeria. Sudan Medical Monitor. 2015;10(4):113–6. https://doi.org/10.4103/1858-5000.171862





Copyright (c) 2018 Ratna Sitompul, Saleha Sungkar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

All articles and issues in Medical Journal of Indonesia have unique DOI number registered in Crossref.
 
Romeo
 
http://mji.ui.ac.id/journal/index.php/mji/pages/view/stat 
Unique Visitors